Spanish Loanwords

Displaying 181 - 210 of 1323
Orthographic Variants: 
capan

cape
(a loanword from Spanish)

a chaplaincy; financial support for a priest
(a loanword from Spanish)

Orthographic Variants: 
capila, cabila, cabillia

chapel
(a loanword from Spanish)

chaplain
(a loanword from Spanish)

Here in This Year: Seventeenth-Century Nahuatl Annals of the Tlaxcala-Puebla Valley, ed. and transl. Camilla Townsend, with an essay by James Lockhart (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2010), 94–95.

captain, leader of an armed group; in early sixteenth-century contexts, and with no referents, the term can refer to Hernando Cortés; leaders of painting groups were also capitanes

a chapter; a provincial chapter
(a loanword from Spanish)

a cape, cloak

Orthographic Variants: 
capoti, cabute

a cape with sleeves, or one that flies around less than a regular cape; a coat

Capricorn, a zodiac sign
(a loanword from Spanish/Latin)

(central Mexico, early seventeenth century)
Codex Chimalpahin: Society and Politics in Mexico Tenochtitlan, Tlatelolco, Culhuacan, and Other Nahuatl Altepetl in Central Mexico; The Nahuatl and Spanish Annals and Accounts Collected and Recorded by don Domingo de San Antón Muñón Chimalpahin Quauhtlehuanitzin, eds. and transl. Arthur J. O. Anderson and Susan Schroeder (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1997), vol. 2, 128–129.

a weapon; a short-barrelled musket?
(a loanword from Spanish)

jail (a loanword from Spanish)

Orthographic Variants: 
calax

carders (to prepare wool or cotton for for spinning) (see attestations)

a load; also, a measure of maize seed, which also translates into a certain amount of land (e.g. a field into which can be planted one carga of maize)

charge
(a loanword from Spanish)

Caterina Pizzigoni, ed., Testaments of Toluca (Stanford: Stanford University Press and UCLA Latin American Center Publications, 2007), 44.

Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor (1519–1556), and Charles I, king of Spain (1516–1556)

Carmelites; a Roman Catholic religious order of the Brothers of Our Lady of Mount Carmel founded in the 12th c.
(a loanword from Spanish)

Orthographic Variants: 
carnello, galnero

ram, sheep (a loanword from Spanish)

Orthographic Variants: 
carnestoretas

Shrovetide (a Catholic religious observation; a loanword from Spanish)

(ca. 1582, Mexico City)
Luis Reyes García, ¿Como te confundes? ¿Acaso no somos conquistados? Anales de Juan Bautista (Mexico: Centro de Investigaciones y Estudios Superiores en Antropología Social, Biblioteca Lorenzo Boturini Insigne y Nacional Basílica de Guadalupe, 2001), 142–143.

cattle prod (?) (see attestations)
(a loandword from Spanish)

a carpinter
(a loanword from Spanish)

career, major at a university (a loanword from Spanish)

Orthographic Variants: 
careta, caleta

cart
(a loanword from Spanish)

trolley, hand cart, wheelbarrow
(a loanword from Spanish)

carriage (see attestations)

Orthographic Variants: 
carosa, carrosa

a large coach, richly adorned (see attestations)

Orthographic Variants: 
cata de benta, carta de vetan, carta de beta

a bill of sale (a loanword from Spanish)

Orthographic Variants: 
carda

letter, document; bill (of sale); bill of payment, receipt (see Lockhart)
(a loanword from Spanish)

a small book used in teaching the important points of religious doctrine
(a loanword from Spanish)

municipal palace
(a loanword from Spanish)

house; municipal council building
(a loanword from Spanish)