Spanish Loanwords

Displaying 241 - 270 of 1308
Orthographic Variants: 
sera, çera

wax, candles
(a loanword from Spanish)

a Roman goddess
(a loanword that came from Spanish into Nahuatl)

Orthographic Variants: 
siriyo

a match, a torch
(a loanword from Spanish)

Orthographic Variants: 
Zerón

a name from Spain, taken on by indigenous nobles; don Martín Cerón was a Nahua ruler of Xochimilco Tepetentli who married doña Francisca de Guzmán (another Spanish name borne by indigenous nobility), and from this union was born doña María Cerón (who married don Fernando de la Cerda, her nephew, and from this union was born don Alonso de la Cerda, who was brought up in Xochimilco); don Martín and doña Francisca also had a daughter named doña Francisca, a daughter doña Juana, and a son, also called don Martín Cerón [Piltzintli]

(central Mexico, seventeenth century)
Codex Chimalpahin: Society and Politics in Mexico Tenochtitlan, Tlatelolco, Culhuacan, and Other Nahuatl Altepetl in Central Mexico; The Nahuatl and Spanish Annals and Accounts Collected and Recorded by don Domingo de San Antón Muñón Chimalpahin Quauhtlehuanitzin, eds. and transl. Arthur J. O. Anderson and Susan Schroeder (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1997), vol. 2, 98–99, 102–103.

lock
(a loanword from Spanish)

a Spanish surname; e.g. don Juan de Cervantes, bishop of Oaxaca

(central Mexico, 1614)
see Annals of His Time: Don Domingo de San Antón Muñón Chimalpahin Quauhtlehuanitzin, James Lockhart, Susan Schroeder, and Doris Namala, eds. and transl. (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2006), 282–283.

a scepter, or a staff carried by confraternity officers
(a loanword from Spanish)

jacket
(a loanword from Spanish)

a choirmaster
(a loanword from Spanish)

central Mexico, 1613)
see Annals of His Time: Don Domingo de San Antón Muñón Chimalpahin Quauhtlehuanitzin, James Lockhart, Susan Schroeder, and Doris Namala, eds. and transl. (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2006), 264–265.

a metal sheet
(a loanword from Spanish)

Orthographic Variants: 
chapines chiualoyan

the place where chapines (clogs?) are made (see Molina)

one who makes clogs (?) (if so, partly a loanword from Spanish, chapín, clog) (see Molina)

Orthographic Variants: 
chapineschiua, chapines chihua, chapines chiua

a clog maker (partly a loanword from Spanish, chapín, a clog with a cork sole worn by women)

Orthographic Variants: 
chapines chiuhcan

a place where chapines (some type of shoe, perhaps clogs) are made
(partly a loanword from Spanish, chapín, possibly originally from Arabic, "chipin")

a name, a Spanish surname; it was also taken by indigenous people; e.g. don Hernando de Chávez of Tetzcoco, son of Nezahualpilli

(central Mexico, early seventeenth century)
Codex Chimalpahin: Society and Politics in Mexico Tenochtitlan, Tlatelolco, Culhuacan, and Other Nahuatl Altepetl in Central Mexico; The Nahuatl and Spanish Annals and Accounts Collected and Recorded by don Domingo de San Antón Muñón Chimalpahin Quauhtlehuanitzin, eds. and transl. Arthur J. O. Anderson and Susan Schroeder (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1997), vol. 2, 202–203.

He was serving as governor of Tetzcoco in 1564.

(ca. 1582, México)
Luis Reyes García, ¿Como te confundes? ¿Acaso no somos conquistados? Anales de Juan Bautista (Mexico: Centro de Investigaciones y Estudios Superiores en Antropología Social, Biblioteca Lorenzo Boturini Insigne y Nacional Basílica de Guadalupe, 2001), 226–227.

chile seller (a loanword from Spanish, built upon the Nahuatl word for chile, chilli)

Orthographic Variants: 
a la China, alachina

China, or Asia more generally, including the Philippines
(a loanword from Spanish)

a person of mixed ethnic heritage; or a Chinese person
(a loanword from Spanish)

Orthographic Variants: 
cheremia

a loud single-reed musical instrument
Caterina Pizzigoni, ed., Testaments of Toluca (Stanford: Stanford University Press and UCLA Latin American Center Publications, 2007), 248.

a small goat (kid); also seen as chivato
(a loanword from Spanish)

a chocolate maker/seller (female)
(a Nahuatl word with a Hispanized ending)

to pray to God with tears and wailing (see Molina)
(partly a loanword from Spanish, dios, God)

Orthographic Variants: 
chrismatica nicmacpalalaua yn sacerdote

for a bishop to anoint a priest
(includes loanwords from Spanish)

to perform the rite of confirmation for someone
(a Nahuatlized loanword from Spanish)

Christianity
(a Nahuatlized loanword from Spanish)

Orthographic Variants: 
cidra quauitl, cidra quahuitl

a citron tree (includes a loanword from Spanish)

Orthographic Variants: 
cidra quauhtla.

an orchard or plantation of citron trees (includes a loanword from Spanish)

Orthographic Variants: 
sielu

the sky; heaven
(a loanword from Spanish)

one hundred
(a loanword from Spanish)

Orthographic Variants: 
ciua cauallo pixqui, cihua caballo pixqui

one who keeps the mares (?), or female horses (see Molina)
(partly a loanword from Spanish, caballo, horse)