Spanish Loanwords | X

Letter X: Displaying 1 - 12 of 12
Orthographic Variants: 
X

a Roman numeral for the number 10, a loan

ʃiːkɑltikɑ

by gourd container (called a jícara in Spanish) (a measure); also translates as in a vessel, with or by means of a (gourd) vessel
Robert Haskett and Stephanie Wood's notes from Nahuatl sessions with James Lockhart and subsequent research.

Orthographic Variants: 
xiii

the Roman numerals for 8, a loan

lady, madam (a loanword from Spanish, same as señōrah)

James Lockhart, Nahuatl as Written: Lessons in Older Written Nahuatl, with Copious Examples and Texts (Stanford: Stanford University Press and UCLA Latin American Studies, 2001), 241.

Orthographic Variants: 
xl

the Roman numerals for 40 (L, or 50, minus X, or 10)
Luis Reyes García, Eustaquio Celestino Solís, Armando Valencia Ríos, et al, Documentos nauas de la Ciudad de México del siglo XVI (Mexico City: Centro de Investigación y Estudios Superiores en Antropología Social y Archivo General de la Nación, 1996), 98.

Orthographic Variants: 
xuchi pasqua, xochi pasqua

Easter flowers
(partially a loanword from Spanish)

This indigenous community appears in a Relación Geográfica in a region that is now part of Mexican state of Morelos.

Matrícula de Tributos (Tribute Roll), Digital World Library, http://www.wdl.org/en/item/3248/pages.html#volume/1/page/5.

Orthographic Variants: 
xolar, jurar, jular

house lot; sometimes cultivated; sometimes seen in Tlaxcala as though in a reference to the grid (traza), or a street (in Puebla) (a loanword from Spanish, solar) S. L. Cline, Colonial Culhuacan, 1580-1600: A Social History of an Aztec Town (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1986), 236. In the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, can be seen to mean barrio or pueblo. (See attestations in Spanish.)  See also our entry for solar.

Orthographic Variants: 
xṕto

abbreviation for Cristo ("Christ"); there should be an overline on the p
James Lockhart, The Nahuas after the Conquest: A Social and Cultural History of the Indians of Central Mexico, Sixteenth through Eighteenth Centuries (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1992), 413.

Orthographic Variants: 
xv

the Roman numerals for 15, a loan

Orthographic Variants: 
xx

the Roman numerals for 20, a loan

Luis Reyes García, Eustaquio Celestino Solís, Armando Valencia Ríos, et al, Documentos nauas de la Ciudad de México del siglo XVI (Mexico City: Centro de Investigación y Estudios Superiores en Antropología Social y Archivo General de la Nación, 1996), 99.

Orthographic Variants: 
xxxv

the Roman numerals for 35 (XXX = 3 x 10, and V = 5)
Luis Reyes García, Eustaquio Celestino Solís, Armando Valencia Ríos, et al, Documentos nauas de la Ciudad de México del siglo XVI (Mexico City: Centro de Investigación y Estudios Superiores en Antropología Social y Archivo General de la Nación, 1996), 99.